UPI Kampus Cibiru's Conference, ICPECE 2017

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TRANSACTIONAL SPEECH AS A LEARNED PRODUCT AND PART OF INTRODUCTION INDONESIAN AS THE SECOND LANGUAGE IN AL-HIJAZ PROVINCE
Kurniawati Kurniawati

Building: Mitra Hotel, Bandung
Room: Sangkuriang
Date: 2017-12-06 07:00 AM – 05:30 PM
Last modified: 2018-04-13

Abstract


Indonesian language became the second language at Al-Hijaz Province in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The cause of Indonesian became the second language in Al-Hijaz Province is the number of Indonesian pilgrims and settlers. They are merchandise consumers sold by traders in Al-Hijaz Province. The traders in Al-Hijaz province in general are adults but there are also childrens. The number of Indonesia pilgrims were the cause of the traders learn Indonesian language by the course. Adults and childrens traders learn Indonesian by using communicative and functional-notional approaches. The second language learning methods they use are grammar-translation and direct methods. The application these approaches and methods of learning are quite effective. It is seen from the transaction are quite communicative among traders and buyers. The factors supporting the success of learning Indonesia as second language by applied these approaches and methods are:( 1) the second language learners are easier to learn speech because based on the purpose source and function of speech; (2) the sounds in Indonesian are generally same as the sounds in Arabic; and (3) the Indonesian grammar are simpler than the Arabic. There are findings in some traders transactional speeches: (1) removal of the affixes in the use of verbs; (2) removal of the preposition di on the forms di sini and di sana; and (3) replace certain words with other words to refer to the target meaning. Their causes eliminate the affixes in the use the verbs because the verbs forming system in Indonesian is different from Arabic so they memorize the roots.


Keywords


transactional speech, learned product, Indonesian as second language.

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