UPI Kampus Cibiru's Conference, ICPECE 2017

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TRANSACTIONAL SPEECH AS A LEARNED PRODUCT AND PART OF INTRODUCTION INDONESIAN AS THE SECOND LANGUAGE IN AL-HIJAZ PROVINCE
Kurniawati Kurniawati

Building: Mitra Hotel, Bandung
Room: Sangkuriang
Date: 2017-12-06 07:00 AM – 05:30 PM
Last modified: 2018-04-13

Abstract


Indonesian language became the second  language at Al-Hijaz Province  in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The cause of  Indonesian became the second  language in Al-Hijaz  Province is the number of  Indonesian pilgrims and settlers.  They are merchandise consumers  sold by traders in Al-Hijaz Province.  The traders  in Al-Hijaz  province in general are adults but there are also childrens.  The number of Indonesia pilgrims  were the cause of the traders  learn Indonesian language  by the course.  Adults and childrens traders learn Indonesian  by using  communicative and  functional-notional approaches. The second language learning methods they use are grammar-translation and direct methods. The application these approaches and methods of  learning are  quite effective.  It is seen from  the transaction  are quite communicative  among traders and buyers. The factors supporting the success of learning Indonesia as second language by applied  these approaches and  methods  are:( 1)  the second  language learners are easier  to learn speech because based on the purpose source and function of speech; (2) the sounds  in Indonesian are  generally same as the sounds in Arabic; and (3) the Indonesian grammar are simpler than the Arabic.  There are findings  in some  traders’ transactional  speeches: (1) removal of the affixes in the use of verbs; (2) removal of the preposition  ‘di’  on the forms   ‘di sini’  and ‘di sana’; and (3) replace certain words with  other words to refer to the target meaning. Their causes eliminate the affixes  in the use the verbs  because the verbs forming system in Indonesian  is different from  Arabic so they memorize the roots.


Keywords


transactional speech, learned product, Indonesian as second language.

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